Back to Basics, Differences Between Three Types of Engineering

Greg Wheeler
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Engineering experts have a variety of different specializations available. Many different types of engineering exist, beckoning those with extensive backgrounds in science, technology, and mathematics to put those skills to practical use. The differences between the many types of engineering may be subtle or exceptionally obvious. There are at least three main engineering types today: civil engineering, electrical engineering, and biomedical engineering. Those working in these fields pioneer new developments every day.

Many people understand the basic concept of the civil engineer. These engineering specialists are responsible for the design, planning, and upkeep of key infrastructure across the world. This includes maintaining large buildings, bridges, and dams that allow civilization to thrive in a variety of different settings. Civil engineers work both indoors and outside, often working on project planning in an office and then taking to the field to help oversee construction. Engineers of this sort may travel broadly to work on major projects in other states and nations or stay at home to apply their knowledge of engineering basics and advanced techniques for local governments or construction agencies.

Electrical engineering stands at the forefront of modern technology. Workers in this field help create the many computer systems and electronic devices that power modern technological advances. This is one of the few types of engineering that is actually seeing job losses in America instead of growth. A large part of this is due to the close ties between this field and electronics manufacturing, which has regularly embraced the practice of offshoring jobs of all types. Engineers with this specialization typically work in offices with occasional periods of study at different locations.

Biomedical engineers are another of the many types of engineering that pioneer new discoveries on a regular basis. These specialists help develop biomedical equipment used by nurses and doctors as well as artificial organs and other intensive medical components. Biomedical engineers employ a combination of engineering basics and specialized medical knowledge on a day-to-day basis. Most work in sterilized laboratory environments, though many will travel to train medical professionals in the use of specialized equipment.

These three types of engineering are only a sample of the ways that a person skilled in science, mathematics, and technology can apply knowledge in today's modern world. Civil, electrical, and biomedical engineers help create the infrastructure and technology that keeps cities, computers, and even human beings operating at peak efficiency. Working in these specialized fields is a great way to help make the most of an engineering degree, and many of them require additional education beyond that learned in traditional engineering courses. Choosing the right types of engineering studies and work options can help you find meaningful and profitable employment in one of these very different fields.



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